Nicobar pigeon in exhibit

Nicobar Pigeon

Scientific Name
Caloenas nicobarica
Southern Asia and Malay Archipelago
Tropical rainforests
Estimated Wild Population
Nicobar pigeon in exhibit Endangered Status Graph - Near Threatened Endangered Status Graph - Near Threatened

More Information

Nicobar pigeons have a metallic green back and wings, a white tail, and a gray chest and head. Long, elaborate feathers stream down their neck, giving them a distinctive look. They nest in trees, where they build nests from sticks, and they often sleep on offshore islands to avoid predators. Females lay one egg each breeding period, and both the male and female cooperate in rearing their young.

Did You Know?

Nicobar pigeons fly from island to island in their native range to find seeds, fruit, and insects.

This social species feeds in flocks of up to 85 birds.

Nicobar pigeons have a gizzard, a muscular organ used for grinding food, that allows them to digest hard nuts that humans often open with a hammer.

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Species Survival Plan®

We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

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