Guam kingfisher in exhibit

Guam Kingfisher

Scientific Name
Todiramphus cinnamominus
Woodlands and limestone forests
Estimated Wild Population
Guam kingfisher in exhibit Endangered Status Graph - Extinct in the Wild Endangered Status Graph - Extinct in the Wild

More Information

Guam kingfishers measure up to nine inches long. Both sexes have a long, stout, pointed bill; a black eye strip; and greenish-blue wings. Males have a cinnamon-colored head and chest, and females have a white chest and belly. Males and females work together to build their nest, an activity that helps with bonding. In the wild, their diet primarily consists of insects and lizards. In zoos, they also eat mice, anoles, crickets, and worms.

Did You Know?

Guam kingfishers, once widespread on the island of Guam, are extinct in the wild due to the introduction of the brown tree snake.

They are aggressive, territorial birds with a loud, raspy call.

They use their beak to carve nesting holes in trees—jabbing repeatedly at the wood while in flight.

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Species Survival Plan®

We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

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