Red river hog in exhibit

Red River Hog

Scientific Name
Potamochoerus porcus
Geographic Range
Western and central Africa
Roots, fruits, seeds, crops, grasses, nuts, insects, bird eggs, snails, reptiles, carrion
Red river hog in exhibit Endangered Status Graph - Least Concern Endangered Status Graph - Least Concern

More Information

Red river hogs are the most colorful pig family members, with red coats, white stripes, and brown or black coloration. They are usually 40–50 inches long and can weigh on average up to 285 pounds. Like all wild pigs, they have canine teeth that extend into tusks. Males also have elongated snouts with two warts that act as extra protection during dominance fights with other males.

These pigs are generally social animals. They are active at dusk and at night, spending their days burrowed in vegetation. Breeding takes place generally between September in April, peaking during the wet winter season. Females build grass nests where they give birth to three to six infants after about 130 days of gestation. Newborns weigh just 27 ounces, and both parents care for and protect them. Juveniles become adults at 3 years old.

Did You Know?

  • Red river hogs have been observed following chimpanzees in search of dropped food. They will also eat undigested seeds in elephant dung.
  • These are territorial animals. They outline their territory using tusks to scrape tree trunks or scent-mark with their feet, neck, and glands near their eyes.
  • Red river hogs are an adaptable species and have not been as negatively affected by human encroachment as others. They have even been known to feed on local crops.
Species Survival Plan logo

Species Survival Plan®

We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

Learn More

Animal Care staff working with seal

Commitment to Care

Lincoln Park Zoo prioritizes individual well-being over everything else. Guided by scientific research, staff and volunteers work to provide the best welfare outcomes for each individual in the zoo’s care.

Learn More

Support Your Zoo

Two Chilean flamingos in exhibit

Animals Depend On People Too

When you ADOPT an animal, you support world-class animal care by helping to provide specially formulated diets, new habitat elements, and regular veterinary checkups.

Adopt an Animal

Asian small-clawed otter in exhibit

Wish List

The Wish List is full of one-of-a-kind items for the zoo’s animals, including nutritious snacks and enrichment items to keep them active and healthy.

Browse the Wish List

African penguin eating a fish

Take Action With Us

Wildlife face many daunting challenges—some global, like planet-wide climate change, and some that affect individuals, like an animal ingesting plastic—but now is not the time to despair. None of these problems are too big for us to come together and solve.

Take Action

Empty Playlist