Red-billed hornbill in exhibit

Red-billed Hornbill

Scientific Name
Tockus erythrorhynchus
Sub-saharan Africa
Savannas, woodlands, and thorn forests
Estimated Wild Population
Red-billed hornbill in exhibit Endangered Status Graph - Least Concern Endangered Status Graph - Least Concern

More Information

Red-billed hornbills were named for their long, curved, red bill. They have a white head and chest, along with spotted wings and a long brown tail. These birds are some of the smaller hornbills, even though adults can reach up to 16 inches in length. Unlike many hornbills, they lack a casque on top of their bill. These omnivorous birds eat fruit, seeds, and insects.

Did You Know?

Before laying eggs, females seal themslves inside a treehole with mud, droppings, and fruit. During this time, males pass them food through a small opening.

Although red-billed hornbills are normally found in small family units, they also gather at watering holes and feeding areas in flocks of several hundred.

The animated character Zazu in Disney’s “The Lion King” is a red-billed hornbill.

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Species Survival Plan®

We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

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