Chimpanzee in exhibit
Scientific Name
Pan troglodytes
Geographic Range
Western and Central Africa
Fruit, vegetation, leaves, stems, seeds, flowers, honey, eggs, mushrooms, insects, medium-sized mammals, carrion
Chimpanzee in exhibit Endangered Status Graph - Endangered Endangered Status Graph - Endangered

More Information

Chimpanzees are between 4–5.5 feet tall and weigh up to 130 pounds. They are covered in dark brown hair except for the face and ears. Like all apes, they have opposable thumbs on their hands and no tails. They also have toes that function like opposable thumbs. Chimpanzees normally knuckle-walk on all fours but can also walk upright and swing from tree branches. They feed and sleep mostly in trees.

These great apes live in large troops that include multiple males and females. They have “fission-fusion” communities, where small groups may break off and then re-gather after a period of time. Chimps give birth throughout the year after a gestation of about 230 days—usually to one infant or twins. Their young are weaned at 4–5 years of age. Females become mature at 13 years and males do so at 16 years.

Did You Know?

  • Chimpanzees are the closest living relatives to humans. The two species share a common ancestor that lived around 4–8 million years ago.
  • Chimpanzees use a variety of tools, including sticks, rocks, and leaves. Their habitat at Regenstein Center for African Apes includes an artificial termite mound, which allows zoo scientists to study their tool-use behavior at the zoo.
  • These great apes live in the forest belt of Africa. Killing, capturing, or consuming great apes is illegal and they are protected by both national and international laws throughout their range. However, they may experience poaching and deforestation.


Species Survival Plan logo

Species Survival Plan®

We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

Learn More

SAFE: Saving animals From Extinction logo

Saving Animals From Extinction

AZA SAFE: Saving Animals From Extinction focuses the collective expertise within AZA-accredited zoos and aquariums and leverages their audiences to save species.

Learn More

Animal Care staff working with seal

Commitment to Care

Lincoln Park Zoo prioritizes individual well-being over everything else. Guided by scientific research, staff and volunteers work to provide the best welfare outcomes for each individual in the zoo’s care.

Learn More

Support Your Zoo

Two Chilean flamingos in exhibit

Animals Depend On People Too

When you ADOPT an animal, you support world-class animal care by helping to provide specially formulated diets, new habitat elements, and regular veterinary checkups.

Adopt an Animal

Asian small-clawed otter in exhibit

Wish List

The Wish List is full of one-of-a-kind items for the zoo’s animals, including nutritious snacks and enrichment items to keep them active and healthy.

Browse the Wish List

African penguin eating a fish

Take Action With Us

Wildlife face many daunting challenges—some global, like planet-wide climate change, and some that affect individuals, like an animal ingesting plastic—but now is not the time to despair. None of these problems are too big for us to come together and solve.

Take Action

Empty Playlist