White pine in exhibit

White Pine

Scientific Name

Pinus strobus







Endangered Status

Least concern

Number of Recorded Individuals at the Zoo


White pine

More Information

Physical Description

White pine tree can grow to an enormous size and was heavily logged by early European settlers as a source of lumber. It has bluish-green needles that grow in bundles of five. This pine tree prefers medium, well-drained, acidic soil in full sun to partial shade and can be grown individually as a specimen tree. The tree is a preferred nesting place for several birds, including warblers and hawks, and its seeds serve as an important food source for many birds and small mammals.

Native Range

Northeastern North America

USDA Hardiness Zone


Average Mature Height

65 feet

Flower Color

Not applicable

Flowering Months

Not applicable


Birds and small mammals

Second Saturday Garden Tours

Join fellow nature lovers for a free, guided tour of Lincoln Park Zoo’s diverse plant life and ecosystems. During each tour, a zoo horticulturist will point out interesting species in bloom, answer questions from guests, and discuss the horticulture program’s past, present, and future.

Learn More

An Accredited Arboretum

In 2019, Lincoln Park Zoo earned Level II arboretum accreditation in recognition of the Horticulture staff’s ongoing effort to identify, label, and monitor the more than 330 species of trees, shrubs, and woody plants represented across the 49-acre park.