Fennec Fox

Fennec foxes are some of the smallest foxes in the world; on average, they weigh about three pounds. These sand-colored mammals have a small snout, large pointed ears, and a black-tipped tail. As nocturnal omnivores, fennec foxes hunt rodents, insects, and birds under the moonlight. Though “cute” in appearance, males become aggressive during mating season.…

Egyptian Fruit Bat

Egyptian fruit bats have light-brown bodies, dark brown wings, a long muzzle, and a two-foot wingspan. True to their name, these nocturnal mammals feed almost exclusively on soft fruits, such as dates, apples, and apricots. Female give birth to only one offspring, on average, after a gestation period of 105–120 days. Young bats cling to…

Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake

Eastern massasauga rattlesnakes can reach up to 30 inches in length. Their cryptic coloration—irregularly dark saddles alternating against a lighter background—helps them blend into the leaves and branches of their wetland, and their tail ends in a namesake “rattle,” a collection of modified scales. They spend the winter hibernating in underwater burrows, where the cold…

Dwarf Mongoose

Dwarf mongooses are small burrowers that can reach up to 10 inches in length. They have brown fur, rounded ears, and a long tail. These mammals primarily eat insects, eggs, fruit, and small lizards. They are a highly social species, living in groups of up to 40 members. A dominant female is the highest-ranking member…

Cactus Mouse

Cactus mice average three inches in length and live in burrows and rock crevices in their desert habitat. These nocturnal mammals range from gray to cinnamon and have large black eyes that help them see at night. They are quick, agile climbers and predominatly forage for seeds, insects, and vegetation. Their colonies usually breed from…

Japanese Macaque

Japanese macaques are medium-sized primates with a thick coat that insulates them during cold winters. Their compact body and stumpy tail help reduce heat loss and risk of frostbite. They are also referred to as “snow monkeys” due to their prevalance in colder locales. They have a distinctive red face that grows brighter during breeding…

European White Stork

Large birds, European white storks can reach up to 40 inches in height and have a wingspan measuring up to eight feet across. Their white body feathers are offset by black wing feathers. Long, thin legs enable them to wade easily through shallow water, where they hunt insects, frogs, rodents, lizards, snakes, and small birds.…

Bald Eagle

Bald eagles can stand three feet tall and have a wingspan measuring up to eight feet across. Their name references the white feathers covering the heads of mature birds. Immature bald eagles lack the familiar white head; their feathers are uniformly brown. Bald eagles prefer fish but will also prey on birds and small mammals,…

Red-billed Hornbill

Red-billed hornbills were named for their long, curved, red bill. They have a white head and chest, along with spotted wings and a long brown tail. These birds are some of the smaller hornbills, even though adults can reach up to 16 inches in length. Unlike many hornbills, they lack a casque on top of…

Red River Hog

As Africa’s smallest and most colorful swine species, red river hogs have reddish bodies with a white stripe running down their back. Both sexes have tusks, but only males have warts in front of their eyes. Adults can reach up to five feet in length and weigh up to 285 pounds. These hogs feast on…