Southern black howler monkey in exhibit

Southern Black Howler Monkey

Scientific Name

Alouatta caraya

Class

Mammalia

Order

Primates

Range

Central South America

Habitat

Forests and savannas

Estimated Wild Population

n/a
Southern black howler monkey in exhibit
IUCN Conservation Status: Lower Risk - Least Concern IUCN Conservation Status: Lower Risk - Least Concern

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Physical Description

Southern black howler monkeys are some of the only primates that vary in color from male to female—a trait called sexual dimorphism, which is a broad term that includes differences in size, behavior, and other characteristics between males and females of the same species. Males are black while females are blonde. These primates use their specialized molars to process leafy diets.

Interesting Fact 1

Southern black howler monkeys mark their territory with dung piles and scent markings on branches.

Interesting Fact 2

These primates have a strong prehensile tail, enabling them to hang from branches, and a sensitive, hairless underside that allows them to identify texture.

Interesting Fact 3

Howler monkeys were named for their territorial roar—a troop howling together can be heard three miles away.

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Species Survival Plan®

We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

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