REOPENING JUNE 29: Reservations and face coverings required. Read More


Puerto Rican Parrot Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Amazona vittata
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    The Puerto Rican parrot—commonly known as Iguaca, a name given to it by pre-Columbian Taínos for its raucous call—is endemic to the archipelago of Puerto Rico.
  • Status

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature has designated the species as critically endangered. Since the mid-1970s, when just 13 individuals survived, the captive and wild population has increased to nearly 600 thanks to aviaries in Puerto Rico managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Loss of habitat and human disturbance are the main causes of its decline. Other threats have included hunting for adults and eggs, natural predators such as red-tailed hawks, nest competitors such as the pearly-eyed thrasher and extreme weather events.
  • Habitat

    Historical habitat included montane and lowland forests. They are currently restricted to three small locations in tropical and subtropical karst forest.
  • Niche

    In the wild: seeds, nuts, bark and some nectar sourced from forest canopy. At aviaries and Lincoln Park Zoo: seeds, nuts, vegetables, fruit, and commerical parrot pellet.
  • Life History

    Puerto Rican parrots breed from January–July during the dry season. They are secondary cavity nesters and therefore don’t excavate new nest cavities, relying on previously excavated sites or holes. Courtship includes pair bonding and nest site selection, preferably in the palo colaroado tree (Cyrilla racenmiflora). Clutches include 2–4 chicks that hatch featherless with closed eyes. Chicks fledge at 60-65 days and reach sexual maturity at 3–4 years.
  • Special Adaptations

    Gregarious outside of breeding season. Territorial at nest sites. Pairs mate for life.

Protecting the Puerto Rican Parrot

Protecting the Puerto Rican Parrot

Protecting the Puerto Rican Parrot

Thanks to a conservation effort by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources, the imperiled species may be heading toward a successful recovery. Lincoln Park Zoo is lending its population-planning expertise to help the endangered Puerto Rican Parrot continue on its path to recovery.

Learn more about this important collaboration.


Sign Up for ZooMail Weekly

Get the latest on upcoming events, new arrivals and more!

All Content © Lincoln Park Zoo.

2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 • 312-742-2000

Get Map/Directions Call 312-742-2000

your zoo is...