Palawan peacock pheasant in exhibit

Palawan Peacock Pheasant

Scientific Name

Polyplectron emphanum






Palawan Island in the Philippines



Estimated Wild Population

Less than 50,000
Palawan peacock pheasant in exhibit
IUCN Conservation Status: Vulnerable IUCN Conservation Status: Vulnerable

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Physical Description

These birds have robin-egg blue spots on their tail that resemble eyes and help scare away predators. Males have metallic-blue wings and an extendable black crest on top of their head. Females, by contrast, have a more muted brown plumage, although they also have a crest and spotted tail feathers. This forest-dwelling bird eats seeds, insects, fruits, and slugs. Breeding pairs are typically monogamous and both parents help rear chicks.

Interesting Fact 1

Male Palawan peacock pheasants attract females by fanning out their spotted tail in an elaborate, peacock-like courtship display.

Interesting Fact 2

Their rapid population decline is likely due to habitat loss causes by mining, logging, unregulated hunting, and illegal trapping.

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