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North American Ruddy Duck Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Oxyura jamaicensis
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    The ruddy duck can be found from Canada through the western United States to Mexico and the Caribbean.

  • Status


  • Habitat

    The species inhabits lakes, ponds and marshes.

  • Niche

    The ruddy duck primarily feeds on pond vegetation, but it will also occasionally eat insects and small fish. The bird locates food by diving underwater.

  • Life History

    The female builds her nest out of grass, locating it in tall vegetation to hide it from predators. A typical group of young ranges from 5-15 ducklings.

  • Special Adaptations

    Like all ducks, the ruddy duck's feet are thin and flat, making it easier for them to paddle through the water.


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2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 • 312-742-2000

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