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Nicobar Pigeon Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Caloenas nicobarica
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    Southern Asia and Malay Archipelago

  • Status

    Near threatened due to overhunting and predation by introduced species, such as cats and rats. Lincoln Park Zoo participates in the Nicobar Pigeon Species Survival Plan®, a shared conservation effort by zoos throughout the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

  • Habitat

    Tropical rain forest

  • Niche

    The Nicobar pigeon flies from island to island in its native range to find seeds, fruit and insects to eat. The species often sleeps at night on nearby offshore islands to find safe refuge from predators.

  • Life History

    The Nicobar pigeon nests in trees, building its nest from sticks. The female lays one egg per breeding period, and both the male and female cooperate in rearing their young.


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2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 • 312-742-2000

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