Leopard gecko in exhibit

Leopard Gecko

Scientific Name

Eublepharis macularius






Afghanistan, Pakistan, northwest India, and some parts of Iran


Rocky, dry grasslands and deserts

Estimated Wild Population

Leopard gecko in exhibit
IUCN Conservation Status: Lower Risk - Least Concern IUCN Conservation Status: Lower Risk - Least Concern

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Physical Description

Leopard geckos are ground-dwelling lizards with dull yellow skin covered in black spots. Their skin is very durable, which provides protection from the rocky grassland terrain of their dry environment, and their dorsal side is covered with small bumps, which gives a rough texture and appearance. In the few days after shedding, their skin turns to a translucent whitish gray. Leopard geckos are nocturnal, sheltering under rocks or in burrows during the day and hunting for insect prey at night

Interesting Fact 1

Leopard geckos have a segmentted tail capable of detaching—a useful defense mechanism when directly threatened by a predator. The discarded tail segment can wiggle on its own, which distracts predators while the gecko escapes.

Interesting Fact 2

During the day, they spend most of their time in burrows and shaded areas. They become more active at dawn and dusk.

Interesting Fact 3

After shedding, these geckos often eat their own skin to regain what would otherwise become a lost energy resource

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