Japanese macaque in exhibit

Japanese Macaque

Scientific Name

Macaca fuscata fuscata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Primates

Range

Japan’s three southern islands

Habitat

Deciduous and evergreen forests

Estimated Wild Population

n/a
Japanese macaque in exhibit
IUCN Conservation Status: Lower Risk - Least Concern IUCN Conservation Status: Lower Risk - Least Concern

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Physical Description

Japanese macaques are medium-sized primates with a thick coat that insulates them during cold winters. Their compact body and stumpy tail help reduce heat loss and risk of frostbite. They are also referred to as "snow monkeys" due to their prevalance in colder locales. They have a distinctive red face that grows brighter during breeding season. In the wild, their diet changes seasonally and features fruit, flowers, seeds, leaves, roots, and buds. They live in troops of up to 100 individuals.

Interesting Fact 1

Japanese macaques are the most northern-living non-human primates on Earth.

Interesting Fact 2

Females remain in their birth group, with daughters inheriting their mother's rank, while males disperse to join neighboring groups.

Interesting Fact 3

They were the first primates to be studied in the wild by primatologists. Japanese scientists first observed that these curious primates exhibit "cultures"—their behavior differs between groups.

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We cooperate with other members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to manage the zoo population of this species through a Species Survival Plan®.

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Lincoln Park Zoo prioritizes individual well-being over everything else. Guided by scientific research, staff and volunteers work to provide the best welfare outcomes for each individual in the zoo’s care.

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