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Jamaican Iguana

Jamaican Iguana

Jamaican Iguana Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Cyclura collei
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    Found only in the Hellshire Hills along a single bay in southern Jamaica.
  • Status

    Jamaican Iguanas are considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They were thought to be extinct until a small population was found in 1990.
  • Habitat

    These lizards live exclusively in forests.
  • Niche

    Jamaican iguanas are herbivores, consuming leaves, flowers, and fruits. In the wild, they consume more than 100 different types of plants.
  • Life History

    Jamaican iguanas nest in underground burrows filled with loose soil. Females lay their eggs in early summer, and hatchlings emerge in less than three months. Females guard their nests alone, using aggressive displays, biting, and chasing to fend off other laying females. Clutch size ranges from 6-20 eggs, depending on the size and age of the female.


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