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Hottentot Teal Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Spatula hottentota
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    Found across most of Africa, from Sudan west to Niger and south to South Africa.

  • Status

    Hottentot teals are considered a Species of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

  • Habitat

    Hottentot teals live near swamps, marshes, small lakes, and pools of shallow fresh waters with abundant floating and emergent vegetation, especially water lilies and typha bulrushes, but occasionally near larger lakes largely devoid of vegetation. They also frequent wetlands in towns and cities, provided they are otherwise undisturbed, as well as flooded fields.

  • Niche

    These birds feed by dipping their heads into the water and pecking at aquatic invertebrates, seeds, fruits, and roots.

  • Life History

    Hottentot teals travel in either single pairs or loose groups and build large, raised nests with grasses, leaves, and reed stems. Males and females pair during breeding season but usually separate after the female's incubation period. Chicks have a dark brown back, a tan belly, and a gray bill and legs.


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