REOPENING JUNE 29: Reservations and face coverings required. Read More


Harbor Seal Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Phoca vitulina concolor
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    Harbor seals range widely and can be found throughout the north Atlantic and north Pacific.

  • Status

    Common. Seals are protected from hunting within U.S. waters.

  • Habitat

    This species inhabits islands, beaches and sandbars throughout its range. Much of its time is spent hunting food in the water.

  • Niche

    Harbor seals feed on fish, mollusks, squid and crustaceans. They are vulnerable to predation by great white sharks and humans.

  • Life History

    Harbor seals return to the same breeding grounds every year to find mates. Males compete for the ability to breed females. After breeding, females give birth to a pup on land; young are able to swim and dive within hours of birth.


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