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Bleeding-Heart Pigeon Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Gallicolumba luzonica
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    The bleeding-heart pigeon can be found on the northern Philippines islands of Luzon and Polillo.

  • Status

    Habitat loss and overhunting have impacted the bleeding-heart pigeon population, resulting in a near-threatened status.Lincoln Park Zoo participates in the Bleeding-Heart Pigeon Species Survival Plan®, a shared conservation effort by zoos throughout the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

  • Habitat

    This island bird spends most of its time on the forest floor, where it forages for food. Nesting occurs in low trees and shrubbery, and dense vegetation is used as cover from predators.

  • Niche

    The bleeding-heart pigeon feeds on seeds, berries, insects and worms that it finds on the forest floor.

  • Life History

    The male attracts mates by puffing out his chest to display his bright red markings. Both parents cooperate in incubating the two eggs the female lays. After the eggs hatch, the bleeding heart pigeon, like all pigeons, feeds its young “crop milk.” This milk-like substance is produced in the digestive system of males and females to provide nutrients to offspring. Despite the name, crop milk is different from true milk, which only mammals produce.


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