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Barrow's Goldeneye Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Bucephala islandica
  • Class

  • Order

  • Range

    Barrow’s goldeneyes can be found in Iceland, Canada and the northwestern United States
  • Status

    Barrow’s goldeneyes are considered a Species of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
  • Habitat

    During breeding season, they are found near lakes and other small bodies of water. After breeding season they migrate to coastline habitats.
  • Niche

    These birds spend much of their time in the water, eating aquatic invertebrates and plants. They find prey by diving, swallowing their catch underwater.
  • Life History

    Males attract females with elaborate breeding displays that include twisting and lifting their heads. After breeding, females make their nests in elevated cavities, typically abandoned tree holes, laying 6–12 eggs. After hatching, the new chicks jump out of the nest to the forest floor below.


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