Protecting the Puerto Rican Parrot

Conserving One of the Most Endangered Birds on Earth

One of the most endangered birds in the world, the Puerto Rican parrot had its population reduced to just 13 wild parrots in 1975. Habitat loss, hurricanes and predation had devastated a population that once numbered in the tens of thousands.

Thanks to a conservation effort by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources, managers feel the species is heading toward a successful recovery. A breeding program that began in the 1970s, using collected eggs and chicks, has produced an aviary population of more than 240 individuals in two aviaries near Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest and Rio Abajo Forest Reserve. Some of these parrots have been reintroduced to the wild; 60 wild and reintroduced birds now inhabit the surrounding forest.

In recent years, as the aviary population continued to grow, managers found they needed help organizing more than three decades of records. While births, deaths, transfers and releases had been meticulously recorded, the information wasn’t centralized, making it difficult to access or analyze.

The aviary biologists began a collaboration with Lincoln Park Zoo, which has a wealth of population-management expertise. Zoo scientists traveled to Puerto Rico, where hundreds of records were entered into PopLink, a zoo-developed software program, enabling parrot managers to analyze trends in the population.

Wildlife managers in Puerto Rico continue to partner with Lincoln Park Zoo. Managers and scientists meet regularly to assess population changes and project future growth, aiding the strategic planning necessary for this endangered species to continue on the path to recovery.


Sarah Long, M.S.
Director, Population Management Center


Learn More

Visiting the Puerto Rican Parrots
Learn about the eye-opening experiences of zoo researchers as they travel to Puerto Rico to assist in the efforts of conserving the species.

Family Planning For Puerto Rican Parrots
Find out how dedicated zoo staff use their population management expertise to create perfect breeding matches for this species.

Census in the Caribbean
Learn about zoo researchers' efforts to preserve the critically endangered Puerto Rican parrot—the only U.S. parrot in existence. 


Official Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Program Website
The Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Program aims to conserve, protect and manage wild and captive populations of the Puerto Rican parrot. Learn more about their work on their official website.