Green woodhoopoe

Latin Name
Phoeniculus purpureus




Green woodhoopoes can reach up to 17 inches in length from their head to sizable tail. The species is named for its dark-green feathers, which have white markings along the wings and tail. The back and tail have purple shadings, and the bill is bright red in adults and black in immature birds.



Africa, from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa.


The green woodhoopoe is considered a species of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Lincoln Park Zoo participates in the Green Woodhoopoe Species Survival Plan®, a shared management effort by zoos throughout the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.


Forests and woodlands


Insects and spiders make up the bulk of the bird's diet.

Life History

The green woodhoopoe is a territorial species, living in groups of 2-16 family members. Breeding pairs lay eggs in abandoned tree holes, and offspring stay with the group for a time to help rear their younger siblings. This cooperative breeding boosts the nestlings' survival rate and ensures that some of the helper's genes survive in the next generation

Lincoln Park Zoo Exhibit