Crowned lemur

Latin Name
Eulemur coronatus

Class
Mammals

Order
Primates

Description

This small lemur species is named for the the crown-shaped, orange pattern of fur above its brow. The genders have distinctly different coloration. Males are chestnut-brown overall while females are gray. Crowned lemurs measure 13–15 inches long and weigh 4–5 pounds. They have slender limbs, pseudo-opposable thumbs and a long, 17–18-inch tail that helps lemurs balance when moving through the treetops.

The lower 6 incisors and canines form a dental comb, which is typical for all lemurs.

Also typical of all lemurs is the long tail, which is used for balance. This tail is not prehensile. In both males and females, the tail darkens distally.

The lower 6 incisors and canines form a dental comb, which is typical for all lemurs.

Also typical of all lemurs is the long tail, which is used for balance. This tail is not prehensile. In both males and females, the tail darkens distally.

 


 

Range

Crowned lemurs are found only in the northernmost area of Madagascar.


Status

In the past, rugged terrain inhospitable to people helped protect crowned lemurs from human encroachment. Today, logging, burning and grazing have fragmented their habitat, isolated populations and disrupted traveling patterns. Increasingly, they are also poached for food. The species is now classified as vulnerable.

logging, burning, and grazing. Also, poaching of these lemurs for food is increasingThis topography—inhospitable to people—has helped protect crowned lemurs from human encroachment.

Habitat

The species inhabits dry, deciduous forest and mid-altitude rainforest situated on rugged, limestone-shaped terrain. 


Niche

Crowned lemurs forage at all levels of the forest canopy for fruits and leaves and sometimes insects. They are primarily diurnal—active from sunrise to sunset—but occasionally travel after nightfall.


Life History

In the wild, crowned lemurs live in close-knit social groups of 5–6 individuals led by dominant females. Female crowned lemurs are just as likely to give birth to twins as one offspring. Mothers nurse their young for 5–6 months. Crowned lemurs reach maturity at 20 months.


Special Adaptations

Like all lemur species, crowned lemurs have a dental “comb” formed by the lower six incisors and canine teeth. They spend much of their time grooming themselves and each other with this comb and claws well adapted to the purpose.



Bonus Content

Native to Madagascar, crowned lemurs are vulnerable in the wild.

Post from the President—New Zoo Royalty
President and CEO Kevin Bell introduces the newest residents at the Helen Brach Primate House: a crowned lemur family from the Indianapolis Zoo!


ARKive Media

ARKive image - Young crowned lemur asleep on femaleARKive video - Crowned lemur - overviewARKive image - Crowned lemur female and baby

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Lincoln Park Zoo Exhibit