Amur leopard

Latin Name
Panthera pardus orientalis

Class
Mammals

Order
Carnivora

Description

Weighing as much as 200 pounds, Amur leopards are covered in dark rosettes.


 

Range

Straddling the Amur River in southeast Russia, North Korea and China.


Status

Critically endangered. Only a handful exist in the wild. Lincoln Park Zoo participates in the Amur Leopard Species Survival Plan®, a shared conservation effort by zoos throughout the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.


Habitat

Mountainous woodlands


Niche

Opportunistic hunters, Amur leopards prey upon boar, deer, badgers and smaller mammals like hare. The big cats carry prey into trees to eat and store for later consumption.


Life History

Extremely territorial and solitary except when breeding, Amur leopards mark their territory with urine.


Special Adaptations
  • Long legs and a thick coat keep the amur leopard warm when prowling through snow.
  • Wide, powerful paws are excellent weapons for felling prey.
  • Amur leopards can leap 20 feet into the air.


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Lincoln Park Zoo Exhibit