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OPEN 365 DAYS A YEAR & FREE

Location, Hours & Directions

Mudpuppy Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Necturus maculosus
  • Class

    Amphibians
  • Order

    Caudata
  • Range

     Mudpuppies can be found from southern Canada throughout the Midwest and southern United States.  

  • Status

     Unknown  

  • Habitat

     Mudpuppies seek out small lakes and streams with slow-moving water and rocky beds, where they hide.  

  • Niche

     The mudpuppy diet consists of small fish and invertebrates like crayfish, snails and worms. Fish, snakes and birds will prey on mudpuppies.  

  • Life History

    Reaching sexual maturity at five years, mudpuppies can live more than two decades. After mating, females attach eggs to submerged stones or logs. Females will tend to these clusters as they develop.   

     

  • Special Adaptations

    While mudpuppies have lungs, they are rarely used for respiration, as these creatures spend almost their entire lives underwater.

    Bright red gills straddle the mudpuppy’s body, employed to extract oxygen from cool water. Mudpuppies can also absorb oxygen through their skin and will occasionally rise to the surface to breath air. 

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2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 • 312-742-2000

2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 Get Map/Directions Call 312-742-2000

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