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Eurasian Lynx Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Lynx lynx
  • Class

    Mammals
  • Order

    Carnivora
  • Range

    Eurasian lynx are found throughout Europe, Russia and central Asia. Populations have been reduced or extirpated in western Europe, but have recently been reintroduced in Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia and Austria. They are considered common in Russia and China.

  • Habitat

    Eurasian lynx make their homes in temperate broadleaf and mixed forests or boreal forests with plenty of undergrowth for cover. They are also found throughout the northern slopes of the Himalayas, the alpine tundra, the mountains of the central Asian desert region, and the entire Tibetan Plateau. They can adapt to living in rocky areas, open forests and brushy spaces.

  • Niche

    They prey on small ungulates, hares, rodents and occasionally birds and eggs.

  • Life History

    Kittens are born in litters of one–four with closed eyes. They begin to walk after a month,and by 10 months they are independent.

    Males and females vocalize together, hunt together and sleep nestled next to one another. When the female is ready to mate she crouches down and raises her tail.

  • Special Adaptations

    Hind limbs are longer than the forelimbs. Paws are large and webbed, and in the winter the undersides are covered with long, dense fur that creates a “snowshoe effect.”

    Eurasian lynx have large ears with an erect tuft of black hair on the tips. They also have a prominent facial ruff of long gray-and-white fur. 

    The Eurasian lynx are also known as northern lynx and common lynx.

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2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 • 312-742-2000

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