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OPEN 365 DAYS A YEAR & FREE

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Amur Tiger Fact Sheet

  • Latin Name

    Panthera tigris altaica
  • Class

    Mammals
  • Order

    Carnivora
  • Range

    Amur tigers are named for their home, the Amur River basin on Russia’s eastern shore. The species was once named the Siberian tiger, but its name was changed to better reflect its range. Amur tigers once extended to China and Korea, but current populations are almost entirely limited to Russia.

  • Status

    Amur tigers are endangered due to poaching and habitat loss. Lincoln Park Zoo participates in the Tiger Species Survival Plan®, a shared conservation effort by zoos throughout the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

  • Habitat

    Amur tigers inhabit mixed deciduous and conifer forests in mountain areas.

  • Niche

    Large predators, Amur tigers stalk their prey from thick vegetation. They are most active at night and typically feed on large hoofed mammals, such as boar, deer and elk, although they will eat other animals as well. The big cats are excellent climbers, swimmers and leapers, adaptations they employ to pursue their meals. Long, rectractile claws and muscular forearms let the animal grab and hold prey. A bite to the throat or back of the neck is used to kill.

  • Life History

    Amur tigers are solitary, coming together only to breed. The large carnivores require sizable territories; they can range over hundreds of square miles. After mating, females give birth to an average litter of two-three cubs. The cubs leave the den at approximately two months of age, relying on their mother for care until 18–36 months after birth.

  • Special Adaptations

    • The species' rough tongue helps it to peel the skin of prey animals away from flesh and flesh away from bone.
    • Loose belly skin allows the Amur tiger to be kicked by prey with little chance of injury.

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2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 • 312-742-2000

2001 North Clark Street • Chicago, IL 60614 Get Map/Directions Call 312-742-2000

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